• The children are learning the meaning of multiplication and division. Specifically, they are learning multiplication as repeated addition and division as sharing or grouping. Also, we are learning that multiplication and division have an inverse relationship. Therefore, division can be used to find a missing factor.

We are also associating multiplication and division with the part-whole concept. We can multiply the given number of equal parts and the number in each part to find the whole. The students are learning two meanings for division which are sharing and grouping. In sharing, students divide to find the number of items in each group. The total amount is shared equally into a given number of groups. Students have to divide the total amount to find the items in each group. In grouping, the students divide to make equal groups. The total amount is given and the number of items in each group is known. Students will divide the total by the number of items to find the value of each equal group. Students will divide the total by the number of items to find the value of each equal group. We are also learning the properties of multiplication which include the Commutative Property of Multiplication, the Associative Property of Multiplication, the Multiplicative Property of One, and the Multiplicative Property of Zero.

Multiplication concepts are being extended as we practice mental multiplication and multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number with and without regrouping. Students make use of the concept of place value to help multiply using vertical form. In addition, these concepts and strategies will be applied in solving real-world problems involving multiplication.